Reading (Reading, Pennsylvania) is a county town in Burke County, Pennsylvania. Southeast of Pennsylvania, east of the Skurkill River, the capital city of the Greater Redding region. In 2016, the population was 87,812, the fifth largest city in Pennsylvania. Most media outlets will include Reading and the rest of the Philadelphia area, a Delaware Valley metropolitan area or the Philadelphia metropolitan area.
Reading's position in Burke County, Pennsylvania
|Coordinates: 40°20′30″N 75°55′34″W / 40.3417°N 75.9261°W / 40.3417; -75.9261|
|· mayor||Thomas McMahon|
|· city||10.1 Square Mile (30) square kilometers)|
|· land||9.8 25.4 square miles square kilometers)|
|· water||0.2 Square Mile (0.5) square kilometers)|
|altitude||305 Feet (93) meters)|
|· city||88,082 people|
|· density||8,270.2 person/square mile (3,193.1 person/square kilometer)|
|· metropolitan area||740,395|
|· Xia Shi||EDT(UTC-4)|
The city is about halfway between Philadelphia and Harrisburg, the capital of Pennsylvania, and is on a main road stretching from central America to eastern Pennsylvania. The historic Reading Railroad, named after the city of Reading, has a business that transports anthracite from Pennsylvania's coal mining district to the eastern coast of the United States. Reading Rail is one of four original US Monopoly Games railway companies.
In recent years, Reading has been mired in poverty, with 49% of the city's population living below the poverty line.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The Greater Redding region of the Reading city was originally inhabited by the Native American Renapé (also known as the Delaware Indian Delaware Indians).
On March 4, 1681, King Charles II of England told William Penn Colony of Pennsylvania, a 120,000-square-kilometer colony named William Payne's father, Old Payne, and Latin for the forest, meaning "Old Penn Woodland."
In 1743, William Payne's son, Richard, and Thomas Penn, and Conrad Weiser, began planning Reading and naming the city of Reading, the same name in Berkshire, England, in 1748. When Burke County was founded in 1752, Reading became its county seat.
The first residents of Reading were immigrants from western and southern Germany who bought land from the Payne family to settle. The earliest sectarian community in the new continent was founded in the Greater Redding region. Until the 1950's and even later, the Greater Redding region still used the Pennsylvania German dialect.
During the British-French North American War, Reading became a military base for a series of Blue Hills Asian strongholds in Pennsylvania.
Until the United States War of Independence, the iron industry in the Greater Reading region had surpassed England's and supplied George Washington's troops with guns, guns and bullets during the War of Independence. In the early days of the war, Reading again served as a military supply station. The British Empire, which lost the battle of Trenton, was held in Reading by German Hesse mercenaries.
Philadelphia was the capital of the United States in 1793 when yellow fever was prevalent in the Americas. Because of the disease, George Washington fled Philadelphia to Reading, where he had considered making Reading the temporary capital of the United States, but chose Germantown, Philadelphia.
Census figures show that from 1810 to 1950, Reading was one of the largest 100 cities in the United States.
In 1825, the Schuylkill Canal, from north to south, was built to protect the Skulkill River, connecting the Reading, Philadelphia and Delaware. Built in 1828 from the Union Canal east to west, connecting the Skurkir and Sasquehanna rivers, Reading to Middletown, Pennsylvania, miles south of Harrisburg. The canal was abandoned in the 1880s because of the construction of the railroad.
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was founded in 1833. After the financial crisis of 1873, the United States was plunged into a long recession, and in 1877, due to the delayed wage payment of the railway company, a 1997 railway strike broke out, which eventually led to the deaths of six people. After more than a century of prosperity, the Redding Railway was eventually declared bankrupt in 1971 after declining coal transport revenues and strict government regulation prevented it from imposing competitive prices, high taxes and a mandatory requirement for the company to operate a lossmaking passenger train. On April 1, 1976, Reading Corporation resold its railway interests to the newly established United Railway.
In the early 20th century, the American automobile industry developed rapidly, Redding became one of the main industrial center, the pioneer of the automobile industry during the brass period such as Daniels Motor Company, Duryea Motor Wagon Company and Reading-Standard Company, all took Redding as the headquarters.
Redding continued into the 1930s, when the population peaked at 120,000. But in the 1940's and 1970's, with the decline of heavy industry and railways on which Reading relied, and the decline of American urbanization, Reading's economy declined markedly, and its population declined.
Hurricane Agnes in 1972 caused widespread flooding in the urban area of Reading, after which the Reading lowlands were inundated by the Skurkill River. In June 2006, another field flood occurred.
The 2000 census showed a rebound in Reading, with inflows from New York and Latino residents in places like the northwestern suburbs of Philadelphia.
In December 2007, NBC's Today Show called Reading the country's first four most promising areas for real estate development because of its geographical proximity to major US cities such as Philadelphia and New York, among other things. But the 2008 US financial crisis and subsequent national recession have changed optimism about Mr. Redding.
In November 2011, PBS Newshour reported that Reading was the poorest 60,000-person city in the US, with 49% of the city's residents living below the poverty line and only a few newly developed areas relatively wealthy. The poverty rate in neighboring Philadelphia has also remained high.
1998: Reuteringen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
1992: Changzhi, Shanxi, PRC
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- ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014. [June 4, 2015]. (Original content archived in 2015-05-23).
- ^ United States Census Bureau. Census of Population and Housing. [August 28, 2013].
- ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013. [June 11, 2014]. (Original content archived in 2014-05-22).
- ^ Faces of Poverty: Life at the Breaking Point
- ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080512080145/http://www.readingpa.gov/mayor_press_releases_1142005.asp
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